The main content of the Policy Resolution adopted on 20th February, 1950 is indicated below:-
It is evident that, "Muslim immigrants from East Bengal still received a favoured treatment. But after partition of India, East Bengal was included in Pakistan and it was necessary to revise the situation. So in a Resolution dated 20th February, 1950, it was classified that with regard to the East Bengal immigrants who had come before January, 1938, those who had not acquired Indian Citizenship in the Indian Union would not be entitled to get settlement of waste land."
The basic guidelines of the Resolution are indicated below:-
The implementation of the Acts already in existence in respect of land reforms and agrarian reforms shall be taken up immediately and steps shall be taken to pass legislation in respect of other reforms measures.
Having considered the present conditions prevailing in Assam and high Pressure on agricultural land, Government is pleased to re-state the land settlement policy as follows:-
The area to be settled per family whose existing holding is less than 10 bighas shall be so much as will together with any land already held making the total holding equal to 10 bighas , but priorities in settlement shall be determined in order of
(a) Those who have no land
(b) Those who have lands below 5 bighas
(c) and those who have between 5 to 8 bighas
The main guidelines of the Resolution are:
Govt. have adopted the new land policy in 1989, some of the basic features of which are stated below:
(i) Land already allotted may be settled with the indigenous allottee, provided the allottee is in continuous possession for a period of 3 years or more by cultivating the same or has used it for the purpose for which it was allotted.
(ii) The maximum limit of land for allotment to an individual is fixed at 7 (seven) bighas for agriculture and 1(one) bigha for homestead.
(i) Settlement of tenanted land acquired under the Assam Fixation of Ceiling on Land Holdings Act, 1956 (as amended) with the tenants in occupation, should be expedited as per provision of the act.
(ii) The untenanted land acquired under the Land Ceiling Acts and already allotted to landless persons by issuing allotment certificates may be settled with the allottee occupants or their legal heirs, if they are found in physical possession of the land so allotted subject to the limit of 8 (eight) bighas.
Local indigenous families of the state who do not have homestead land in the name of any member of their families may be allotted for homestead purpose and may be settled with the allottes after expiry of 3 years, provided the allottee is founds to have occupied the land by constructing dwelling houses and residing thereon.
Land in rural areas may be allotted for Pisciculture, Dairy, Piggery, Sericulture etc. On the basis of the schemes or projects duly approved by the departments concerned, to local land less families who have taken aforesaid as means of livelihood, subject to 5 (five) bighas per family and 20 (twenty) bighas for registered Co-operative Society/firm.
Government high land and ceiling surplus land suitable for special cultivation may be allotted to small indigenous growers particularly (a) Indigenous youths coming from the families below poverty line,(b) Other indigenous educated unemployed youths,(c) Co-operative of indigenous unemployed youths,(d) The maximum ceiling of allotment of land for special Cultivation is four hectres of holdings of the number of members in case of registered Co-operative society.
(i) Transfer of agricultural land by cultivators for non-agricultural purpose without the previous permission is restricted as laid down under executive instruction No 6 under ALRR 1886.
(ii) But the restriction on transfer of any class of land falling within the notified area under Municipal Corporation may not be made applicable.
Cadastral survey in non cadastral areas found fit for cadastral Survey will be taken up for the purposed of preparation of land record expeditiously.
(i) No land within municipal corporation on any town constituted under Assam Municipal Act, 1956, shall be settled for agricultural purposes.
(ii) The area of land to be settled shall not exceed the limit of 4.00 acress per family and 5.50 acres in other towns per family.
(iii) Land within greater Guwahati notified under Governments notification no RSR-21/59/126 dated 1st October, 1966 and in any other towns may be settled on payment of due premium with the indigenous persons of the state in order of preference such as (a) occupier of Government lands with the members of the family for last 15 years or more (b) and such other conditions.
The land acquired under the Provisions of the Assam Fixation of Ceiling on Land Holdings Act, 1956, as amended and subsequently included in Town/Municipal Corporation may be settled with the occupying tenants as per provisions of the act subject to the limit of 2 kathas per family for homestead purpose.
(v) The land acquired under the (a) The Assam Fixation of Ceiling on Land Holding Act, 1956,(b) The Urban Land Ceiling and Regulation Act, 1976 (Since repealed) and (c) The Religious and Charitable Institution of Public nature Act, 1959, but not under the occupation of the previously recorded tenants will be treated as ordinary Government land and will be disposed of by granting settlement as per land policy 1989, subject to payment of premium.
Government have decided that hence forth all allotment / settlement of land both in rural and town areas, will be in the name of the spouse, conferring joint title to the husband and the wife of a family.
The scheduled castes and scheduled Tribe’s landless eligible persons occupying Govt. land shall be given settlement of the land under their occupation, if the land is not otherwise reserved for any specific purposes. In case, the land under their occupation in needed for any public purpose, alternative suitable land shall be given settlement to such persons before the land under their occupation is taken over for the public purpose.
Temporary Permission for manufacturing Bricks, Tiles etc may be given not exceeding 10 (ten) bighas in case of individual and not exceeding 20 bighas for co-operative society or firm, subject to payment of land revenue and royalty in advance by the permit holder as fixed by the Government not exceeding 3 (three) years. The term of permission will automatically stand terminated at the end of 3 (three years).
In this way, series of land policies had been adopted by the Government from time to time, conditioned by circumstances.